Commonwealth usage[ edit ] Prime minister or premier[ edit ] In the federal Commonwealth RealmsCanada and Australiain which Queen Elizabeth II is head of state as constitutional Monarch, a Governor General as viceroy is appointed by the Queen in Council to represent the Queen during her absence. The Governor-General typically appoints the leader of the political party holding at least a plurality of seats in the elected Legislature to be prime ministerwhose relationship with the other Ministers of the Crown is primus inter pares, or "first among equals". This is also done at the provincial or state level, wherein the Lieutenant Governors of the Canadian Provinces or Governors of the Australian states as Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council appoints the leader of the provincial or state political party holding at least a plurality of seats in the elected provincial or state legislature to be provincial premier or state premier.
The leader of the largest party in the House of Commons is by convention asked by the monarch to be Prime Minister and to form a government. This can only take place after the loser of the election has conceded defeat and tendered his or her resignation in person at the Palace.
In the event that there is no clear winner - a hung Parliament - the 'sitting' Prime Minister is permitted to remain in office until it is necessary to resign, whether that be as a result of failed coalition negotiations or after the Government's legislative programme the Queen's Speech is defeated in the Commons, in which case the Leader of the Opposition would be invited to form a government.
The guiding principles for the use of the monarch's 'personal prerogative' are that government should persist and that there should not be elections in quick succession. The monarch's Private Secretary meets with the Cabinet Secretary to consider what options are available, but the ultimate decision remains with the Crown.
Once appointed by the monarch in the ceremony known anachronistically as the 'kissing of the hands'the Prime Minister has absolute discretion over who will be invited to become Ministers, what direction the Government and country will take and how the departments of government will be structured.
The holder of the office has ultimate power over, and responsibility for, all policies made and implemented by government, seeing all Cabinet papers and being the sole arbiter of disputes between the organs of government.
Added to these over-arching responsibilities are individual powers to operate the Royal Prerogative as the de facto chair of the Privy Council - to declare war including single-handedly authorising the launch of a nuclear striketo sign international treaties and to represent the UK at the highest level in international and European negotiations.
It is the Prime Minister alone who requests the dissolution of Parliament, triggering a general election, and who has overall responsibility for the use of Government time in the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
The Prime Minister's accountability to Parliament comes in the form of oral questions once a week and scrutiny at the hands of the Commons' Liaison Committee every six months. Other Prime Ministerial powers include those to recommend the appointment of key figures, including peers, religious leaders, top judges and military heads as well as the chairs of public corporations such as the BBC.
Prime Ministers have a weekly audience with the monarch, normally on a Tuesday evening. It is widely held that this traditional meeting of the heads of government and state provides the Prime Minister with the chance to reflect on events, to consult and seek advice on affairs of state with the absolute knowledge of confidentiality.
The title 'Prime Minister' is somewhat amorphous and hardly appears on the statute book, even then it is referred to as a 'position' rather than an 'office'.
By convention, the Prime Minister is said to be 'primus inter pares' first among equals in Cabinet.One of the most quoted lines is “all are equal, but some are more equal than others.” Finally, it seems that the person who is ‘first among equals’ is really superior to others in considerable ways.
2 The British Prime Minister: Much More Than ‘First Among Equals’ Much More Than ‘First Among Equals’ The British Prime Minister: The British Prime Minister: Much More Than ‘First Among Equals’.
‘Prime minister is first among equals!’ This is self explanatory, but just for the record, no one in Cabinet has more power than anyone in Cabinet, not even the prime minister.
The prime minister does not dictate to the Cabinet or his colleagues. It is collective responsibility.
All members are equally responsibility for all decisions made. It is inappropriate for Minnis to even believe that he does not need to consult with the .
To what extent is the prime minister first among equals? This essay will compare the prime ministerial styles of Thatcher and Blair and compare presidential styles to collective cabinet government. It explains what can happen when a prime minister has too much power and is more than just first among equals.
that Prime ministers are almost omnipotent in the political system in the UK, this is due to the shear variety of powers in-which the prime minister holds, and the prerogatives that are taken advantage by the prime minister. first among equals definition: a member of a group who is officially on the same level as the other members but who in fact has slightly more responsibility or power.