Cherokee nation essay

Magic in North America Part 1: In Uncategorized by Adrienne K.

Cherokee nation essay

The Cherokee's were by far the largest and most advanced of the tribes when Europeans first arrived and came in contact with Native Americans. There are too many tribes to go over background on every one of them, so I'm going to focus on the Cherokee's since many of their ways and customs are so similar to all the other tribes in the East.

When Europeans first arrived in North America, the Cherokees occupied a large expanse of territory in the Southeast. Their homeland included mountains and valleys in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountain chain. They spoke a dialect of Iroquoian language and their ancestral relatives the Iroquois occupied much of the Northeast cultural area.

The name Cherokee was probably given to them by outsiders since the word Cherokee means, "people of different speech. Corn was their main source of food, along with wild plants and roots that were common to their homeland.

They used spears, traps, and fishing lines with hooks to catch many different kinds of fish. They also used an interesting method of poisoning an area of water to kill the fish and gather them up as they floated to the surface.

The Cherokees were also skilled hunters. They hunted large animals, such as deer and bear, with bows and arrows. They covered themselves in entire deerskins, antlers and all, and used deer calls to lure the animals to them. They also hunted small game with blowguns that were accurate from up to 60 feet away.

The products of their hunts were not only used for food, but for clothing as well. They dressed in buckskin shirts and skirts, made moccasins, capes and other items using their animal resources.

Cherokee families usually had two houses- a large summer home and a smaller winter home. The summer houses were rectangular with peaked roofs, and clay walls.

The winter houses were placed over a pit with a cone-shaped roof of poles and earth. The Cherokees practiced a variety of crafts, including basketwork and stamped pottery. They also carved, out of woods and gourds, masks representing good and evil spirits.

Cherokee Language and the Cherokee Indian Tribe (Tsalagi, Tsa-la-gi, Aniyunwiya, Cherokees)

These masks were used during their many hunting, agricultural and healing rituals. They held these ceremonies at key times of the year, such as harvest time. Each village was run by two chiefs. The White Chief, or Most Beloved Man helped the villagers make decisions concerning farming, lawmaking, and disputes between individuals, families, or clans.

He also played a large role in religious ceremonies. The Red Chief gave advice concerning warfare. One such decision was choosing who would be the War Woman, an honored woman chosen to accompany braves on their war parties.

The War Woman did not fight, but helped feed the men, offered them council, and decided which prisoners would live or die.The Cherokee Indians The American Indian History in the Eastern part of the country is always associated with the Cherokee Indian nation.

The Cherokee's were by far the largest and most advanced of the tribes when Europeans first arrived and came in contact with Native Americans.

Cherokee nation essay

Cherokee Nation Before invasion of the Americans onto Cherokee territory, the Cherokee lived in peace and harmony.

Keetoowah is the name of the ancient Cherokee town in the eastern homelands, said to be the “Mother Town” of the people (Conley 18). Osiyo! Welcome to the Cherokee Nation Scholarship Program! Please complete the online application to apply for scholarship funding for the upcoming academic year by uploading required documents saved in .

Choctaw Culture and History. As a complement to our Choctaw language information, here is our collection of indexed links about the Choctaw tribe and their society. Please note that Choctaws and other American Indians are living people with a present and a future as well as a past.

For nearly three hundred years before the American Revolution, the colonial South was a kaleidoscope of different people and cultures. Yet all residents of the region shared two important traits. First, they lived and worked in a natural environment unlike any other in the American colonies.

Cherokee nation essay

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Cherokee Nation - Wikipedia