Theories explaining career behavior provide the psychologist with a conceptual map and describe the purposes for which career counseling, career education, and other career interventions should be implemented. It has led to the development of assessment instruments, as well as to the study of individual job requirements. This theory focuses on individual traits but does not account for changes in values, interest, skills, achievement, and personality over the course of a lifetime.
Theories of Career Development This is the sixth article in a series of articles that will discuss the literature on the predominant career theories; history of and theory behind interest inventories; a discussion of the prominent interest inventories; the best use of interest inventories in the career development process; conceptual additions applicable to the study of interest inventories; literature that has focused on career indecision in adolescents; and educational interventions with additional focus placed on middle schools.
These articles are presented as a quick refresher for professionl guidance counselors, an introduction to these theories for the non-professional, and as a starting point for students of the many disciplines related to career development theory.
The bibliographies are purposely missing. If you choose to copy our work shame on youyou will at least have to go to the library to find the work and maybe touch the covers of these works.
We appologize for the non-academic format, but in a blogging forum it is not possible to keep the work as originally presented. In this section, I will examine theories of vocational interest that are clearly an important part of the history of career development theory.
Then, I will examine two career development theories that strongly influenced this study. The second theory, the work of Superwill be described as it provides a master plan of how the RIPA is used as an exploratory intervention and how it fits in a complete career development scheme.
Common threads in these studies were bodily well-being, a need for food, a need for activity, and a need for self-realization through work. Roe believed that occupations in modern society can provide satisfaction at all levels of need.
Roe saw the interaction of heredity and environment as important in causing a child to develop a person or nonperson orientation, and to lead an individual to select an occupation that requires either high or low levels of interaction with others.
Limits of potential development are set by genetic inheritance including intellectual abilities, temperament, interests, and abilities.
General cultural background and socioeconomic status of the family affect unique individual experience. Individual experiences governed by involuntary attention determine the pattern of development of interests, attitudes, and other personality variables that have not been genetically controlled.
Early satisfactions and frustrations resulting from the family situation, particularly relations with parents; i. The eventual pattern of psychic energies, i.
The intensity with which an individual feels Maslow, needs and the satisfaction of needs determine the degree of motivation to accomplish.
Each group was divided into 6 levels of responsibility, capability, and skill needed to perform at each level. These two ideas have changed the way counselors work with clients. According to social cognitive or learning theory, three major types of learning experiences influence behaviors and skills that allow a person to function effectively in society.
Bandura proposed that a instrumental learning experiences occur when an individual is positively or negatively reinforced for a behavior, b associative learning experiences occur when an individual associates a previously neutral event with an emotionally laden event, and c vicarious experiences occur when one individual observes the behavior of others or gains new information and ideas from other sources.
Within these factors, Krumboltz developed a number of testable propositions and determined that equal importance rests on the inverse influence of each.Career Development Theories Overview behavior at a particular stage of career development Happenstance John Krumboltz Type: Social learning theory of career .
According to career counseling expert Vernon Zunker, career development theory emerged in the late s. Placement services offered vocational guidance to match a person's skills and abilities with the requirements of a job.
Now, career development theories tend to cover traits, learning and development. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology..
Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by . Self-efficacy beliefs are an important aspect of human motivation and behavior as well as influence the actions that can affect one's life Regarding self-efficacy Deviance is defined as the recognized an introduction to the many theories of career development violation of cultural norms Learn more about the definition and some of the major theories attached to Theory Jean Piaget began his career as a .
The two major career theories that have influenced this writer’s career development are Donald Super’s theory of life-span/ life space and John Holland’s theory of vocational personalities and work environment.
Career choice is one of the most important factors that determine how an individual identifies himself and how others identify him. Career development theory seeks .