The Legacy of Classical Greek Philosophy Early Greek Philosophy For humans, the art of living, or wisdom, is not something that comes automatically, but instead is an object of intellectual judgement. In the Greek world of the early 6th century B. The Greeks, who had not only settled Greece itself but were also colonizing the west coast of Turkey known in ancient times as Ioniasouthern Italy, and Sicily, had developed numerous decentralized political and religious structures and in some areas a kind of free-wheeling frontier culture that stripped priests and aristocrats of their intellectual monopoly and opened up the quest for wisdom to all. In an atmosphere where political and economic competition was supplemented by intellectual competition, certain men came to be celebrated for their practical intellectual innovations.
There could be short answer questions from any part of the course not just the second half. Three essay questions out of the list below will appear on the exam, and you will need to choose two on which to write.
Each essay should take you about 45 minutes to write. Give that at the beginning of the essay, and use the rest of the essay to support that thesis statement. The point of these questions is not just to see what you know of the views though that is part of itbut also to give you a chance to think about them more deeply and try to come up with your own ideas about their connections, their differences, the implications of the views.
You do not need to give a summary of all parts of the texts, but only those relevant to the argument you are making. Consider that I can only recognize how much you understand of the works by what you write, so explaining what terms and concepts mean as much as you have space to do, and insofar as this is relevant to your argument, shows better what you have grasped from the course and can thus earn more marks than not doing so.
To help you think along these lines, imagine that you are writing your essays for someone who is not in the class, who has not read the texts or attended lecture. You do not need to memorize quotes from the texts, but do consider the views from the philosophers carefully enough to be able to point to specific arguments in support of what you say in the essays, rather than only talking about the very basic overall aspects of their views.
Focus on the texts assigned in the course: There are texts by the philosophers in the essay questions below that we have not read in the course; focus your answers on the texts we did read as the final exam is focused on what we have done in the course itself.
Why or why not? Be sure to provide enough details about each view to support your claims. What might Mill or Kant be likely to say about the trolley problem? Choose 2 or 3 versions of the trolley problem to discuss; if you wish, you could include the transplant case as one of your versions.
For each of the versions of the problem you choose, argue for what Mill or Kant would likely say ought to be done.
Be sure to base your discussion on specific arguments Mill or Kant makes in their texts rather than making general statements not tied to their specific points.
Choose 2 or 3 versions of the trolley problem that Thomson discusses and 1 explain her arguments for what it is morally permissible to do in those cases and why, and 2 argue for your view of what you think it is morally permissible to do in these cases and why.
So if you agree, be sure to provide other reasons for why you agree! Then argue for your view on this issue: If so, under what circumstances? Explain your arguments, and in the process evaluate at least one argument from each of Harman and Belshaw say whether you find the arguments strong or whether they have weaknesses, and explain why.
Search Announcements Short answer brainstorm April 12, Here is the document we will be working on during Animal Ethics doc March 26, Here is the document to use to give your views Trolley Problem discussion doc March 21, Here is the document on which you can give yourTheir esoteric philosophical ideas on primitive natural science as well as the ethical application of their philosophical values in the society gave them a recognition that lives to this day.
Here is the list of 10 most influential ancient Greek philosophers. Philosophy is a way of thinking about the world, the universe, and ashio-midori.com works by asking very basic questions about the nature of human thought, the nature of .
Great philosophers - such as Socrates, Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Diogenes and many others - had clear ideas about what kind of life is "best" and, as a rule, associated the . Socrates envies Ion’s skill since in order to be a great reciter, you must learn the meanings of the poet’s work, not only their verses.
Ion claims to speak exquisitely, in his own right, about Homer in interpreting and explaining his poetry and its excellences in every field on which he brushes upon.
On the other hand, Epicurus’ theory seems more rational, concrete and applicable to human life in some ideas like pleasure is the absence of pain and if we satisfy our .
Of major consideration is the reactions of Kant and Hume to the concepts of piety, love and family duty as presented within the story of the dialogue between Euthyphro and Socrates.
The philosophies of Socrates, Epicurus, and others are discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources. and the value of meditation as it relates to their ideas.