Hurricane Mitch was recognized as the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record, after the Great Hurricane of Hurricane Mitch formed as a tropical depression in the southwestern Caribbean Sea on October After being upgraded to a hurricane on October 24, Mitch entered a period of rapid intensification, and, by the afternoon of October 26, it had grown into a category 5 hurricane—the highest rating on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale. It reached its peak wind speed of miles km per hour off the northeastern coast of Honduras on October 26 and 27, when it dumped heavy rain on much of Central America, particularly on Honduras and Nicaragua.
While near peak intensity, Mitch struck the offshore Guanaja island, where it nearly destroyed the mangrove forest. The rains caused widespread flooding and landslides, although impact from winds was not as severe.
Most of the damage was ruined crops, and cash crop exports were cut by 9. In the capital, Tegucigalpaa large landslide affected three neighborhoods and formed a temporary dam. Despite this, the gross domestic product began decreasing at the end ofand contracted by 1. There were outbreaks in various diseases, and many residents faced food and water shortages.
Due to the heavy damage, the name Mitch was retired from the Atlantic hurricane naming list. By that time, the hurricane was just north of the coast of Honduras, and was expected by the National Hurricane Center NHC and various tropical cyclone forecast models to turn to the north.
Mitch continued to weaken while moving slowly westward across the country. Officials initially issued a state of emergency for the offshore islands and five coastal departments, which was later extended to the rest of the country.
The government increased emergency spending and created a National Emergency Commission. Officials advised residents to evacuate in flood-prone areas, although many people stayed for fear of being looted.
Some left to stay with relatives during the hurricane. Prisoners in Tegucigalpa Central Penitentiary were evacuated to the national stadium.
The economy had been growing at a rate similar to the previous year until Mitch struck, and was largely dependent on exports. Flooding also affected the Pacific coast along the Gulf of Fonsecaleaving behind debris and sediment. However, two earthflows caused significant damage near Tegucigalpa.
All 31 people on board were presumed killed. Those remaining standing were damaged internally and unable to regrow. In Choluteca and Valle departments in the southern portion of the country, river flooding swept away houses and affected neighborhoods.
Oct 22, · Hurricane Mitch, the strongest storm of the Atlantic hurricane season, formed on October 22, and after becoming a Category 5 hurricane, it weakened and struck Honduras on October While near peak intensity, Mitch struck the offshore Guanaja island, where it nearly destroyed the mangrove forest. On October 21, , a tropical depression formed in the southern Caribbean Sea. One day later, the storm became a tropical storm and was given the name "Mitch". Mitch moved very little over the next few days, drifting to the northwest, and gathering strength. Nov 05, · Hurricane Mitch developed from a tropical depression that formed on October 21, in the southern Caribbean Sea to the northeast of Panama (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, ; fig. 1).
In mountainous areas, floods carrying debris damaged roads and bridges. Several vehicles were washed away due to the floods. In contrast to roads, there was little railway damage.
There was minor impact to the nation's airports, limited to some damage to air traffic equipment. Seaports also sustained minor damage, although many lost electronic equipment.
This landslide, the largest generated by Mitch in the country, destroyed the Colonia Soto section and damaged portions of two other neighborhoods. Another smaller landslide destroyed several houses in the Colonia El Reparto section of the capital, although it was also slow-moving, and the residents were able to evacuate.
Choluteca Department in the southern portion of the country had the most deaths, with 1, fatalities. There were deaths in every department, however.
Officials urged residents to restrict water and fuel use, and alcohol sales were halted. Some sports stadiums and churches were also used as makeshift shelters. Overcrowding at shelters caused various diseases. A portion went to purchasing and delivering food, while the majority utilized airplanes to participate in rescue missions and deliver supplies, such as plastic sheets and water.
Mexico donated food, medicine, and clothing, and Cuba sent a team of doctors and mobile hospitals. Uruguay donated a pump for the city of Choluteca to restore water there. Following the storm, the United Nations Development Programme sent a team to Honduras and El Salvador to determine the needs of the population.
Buy a cheap copy of The Ship and the Storm: Hurricane Mitch book by Jim Carrier. In October , a wayward tropical storm blossomed into one of the most powerful hurricanes in modern history. When it finished its devastating course throughout Free shipping over $/5(5). Nov 05, · 1. Map of the Caribbean coast of eastern Guatemala and northern Honduras showing the six seagrass and soft coral study sites for Hurricane Mitch. 2. Mean cover class and percent frequency of occurrence of Thalassia testudinum along transects, by site, . Hurricane Mitch formed as a tropical depression in the southwestern Caribbean Sea on October After being upgraded to a hurricane on October 24, Mitch entered a period of rapid intensification, and, by the afternoon of October 26, it had grown into a category 5 hurricane—the highest rating on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale.
The Honduran government requested the team to assess the socio-economic impact of the storm. The loans were to assist in rebuilding damaged infrastructure, including for water systems, transportation, and houses.
Following the storm, workers made emergency repairs to the destroyed bridges and roads. The cost for rebuilding roads was higher than their damage cost due to planning for future flooding.
Hurricane Mitch Preliminary Report Report.Hurricane Mitch formed as a tropical depression in the southwestern Caribbean Sea on October After being upgraded to a hurricane on October 24, Mitch entered a period of rapid intensification, and, by the afternoon of October 26, it had grown into a category 5 hurricane—the highest rating on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale.
Hurricane Mitch was formed on October 22nd and dissipated on November 9th The storm was the thirteenth tropical storm, ninth hurricane, and third major hurricane.
It was formed in the Western Caribbean Sea on October 22nd as a small tropical storm as usuall. Georges dissipated on October 1 near the Atlantic coast of Florida. Hurricane Mitch formed from a tropical wave late in October in the central Caribbean Sea.
As the storm drifted over warm water it quickly intensified to a Category 5 hurricane with mph ( km/h) winds on October 26, then stalled just off the north coast of Honduras. Track of Hurricane Mitch through the western Caribbean and Central America, October 26 to November 1, (coordinates from National Hurricane Center).
Large red circles show locations of low pressure eye of the hurricane at date. The thirteenth named storm, ninth hurricane, and third major hurricane of the Atlantic hurricane season, Mitch formed in the western Caribbean Sea on October 22, and after drifting through extremely favorable conditions, it rapidly strengthened to peak at Category 5 status, the highest possible rating on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale.
Hurricane Mitch came late in the hurricane season on October 20th Unorganized storm clusters becoming organized caused the severity of the tropical storm.
There are a number of natural conditions that brought about hurricane Mitch that resulted in numerous disastrous effects.3/5(2).