Gaius MariusCaesar's uncle Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Juliawhich claimed descent from Iulusson of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneassupposedly the son of the goddess Venus. Despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not especially politically influential, although they had enjoyed some revival of their political fortunes in the early 1st century BC. Little is recorded of Caesar's childhood.
Nola now in Italy Roman emperor Augustus was the first emperor of Rome. He established the principate, the form of government under which Rome ruled its empire for three hundred years. He had an extraordinary talent for statesmanship the ability to take an active role in the shaping of a government and sought to preserve the best traditions of republican Rome, the period in ancient Rome's history when governing power was in the hands of the Senate rather than the emperor.
His father had held several political offices and had earned a fine reputation, but he died when Octavius was four. The people who most influenced young Octavius were his mother, Atia, who was the niece of the Roman leader Julius Caesar c.
Unlike Caesar, one of Rome's military heroes, Augustus was sickly as a young boy. Poor health troubled him throughout his life.
Nevertheless his mother, who made sure the finest teachers tutored him at home, groomed him for the world of politics.
By the age of sixteen he was planning to join his great-uncle and serve in Caesar's army. At this time Rome and the areas it controlled were governed by the Senate, composed largely of members of a small group of upper class citizens who had inherited their positions.
The generals who commanded the armies that conquered new territory for Rome's rule increasingly challenged the Senate's authority, however. One such general, Caesar, had basically become a dictator someone who assumes absolute power of Rome.
The Senate strongly opposed Caesar, and in 44 B. When Caesar's will was read, it revealed that Caesar had adopted Octavius as his son and heir. Octavius then set out to claim his inheritance in 43 B.
Rise to power Octavian's rival at this time was Mark Antony c. The two men became enemies immediately when Octavian announced his intention to take over his inheritance. Antony was engaged in war against the Senate to avenge Caesar's murder and to further his own ambitions.
Octavian sided with the Senate and joined in the fight. Antony was defeated in 43 B.
As a result Octavian abandoned the senators and joined forces with Antony and Lepidus, another of Caesar's officers.
The three men, who called themselves the Second Triumvirate a group of three officials or government leaders in ancient Romedefeated their opponents in 42 B. They then divided the empire into areas of influence.
Over time Lepidus lost power, and it seemed impossible that Antony and Octavian could avoid clashing. Octavian declared war against Queen Cleopatra of Egypt, to whom Antony was romantically and politically tied.
After a decisive naval victory in this conflict, Octavian was left as master of the entire Roman world.- Gaius Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar has been described as one of the most influential political and military leaders in history.
He began the Roman transition from a republic to an empire. Caesar united Rome under his ruthless power; he controlled religion, senate, and the military. Gaius Julius Caesar was the name of several members of the gens Julia in ancient Rome.
It was the full name (tria nomina) of the dictator Julius Caesar, as well as other prominent men of the Roman Republic, including the dictator's father and grandfather.
Caesar was one of the most influential leaders in world history, setting the tone for the Roman Empire and left a profound legacy on Western civilisation. He was born Gaius Octavius Thurinus in 63 BC to an aristocratic Roman family.
His maternal great-uncle was Julius Caesar. Watch video · Caesar Augustus was born Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 B.C., in Velletri, Italy. Julius Caesar, his great-uncle, took an interest in Augustus. When Julius Caesar was murdered, Augustus discovered that he was Julius's heir to the ashio-midori.com: Aug 19, Augustus, also called Augustus Caesar or (until 27 bce) Octavian, original name Gaius Octavius, adopted name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, (born September 23, 63 bce —died August 19, 14 ce, Nola, near Naples [Italy]), first Roman emperor, following the republic, which had been finally destroyed by the dictatorship of Julius Caesar, his great-uncle and adoptive father.
Augustus was born Gaius Octavius Thurinus in Rome on September 23, 63 BC. He was a member of the respectable, but undistinguished, Octavii family through his father, also named Gaius Octavius, and was the great-nephew of Julius Caesar through his mother Atia Balba Caesonia.